What is the origin of Australia Day?
Australia Day, holiday (January 26) honouring the establishment of the first permanent European settlement on the continent of Australia. On January 26, 1788, Arthur Phillip, who had sailed into what is now Sydney Cove with a shipload of convicts, hoisted the British flag at the site.
When was the 150th anniversary of Australia Day?
On 26 January 1938 many Australians were celebrating the sesquicentenary (150th anniversary) of the British colonisation of Australia.
What was Australia first called?
New Holland (Dutch: Nieuw-Holland) is a historical European name for mainland Australia. The name was first applied to Australia in 1644 by the Dutch seafarer Abel Tasman.
What were the 19 crimes that sent prisoners to Australia?
The crimes that make up 19 Crimes include:
- Grand Larceny, theft above the value of one shilling.
- Petty Larceny, theft under one shilling.
- Buying or receiving stolen goods, jewels, and plate…
- Stealing lead, iron, or copper, or buying or receiving.
- Impersonating an Egyptian.
- Stealing from furnished lodgings.
Why did the Aboriginal people make 26 January 1938 a Day of Mourning and protest?
It was the first national gathering of Indigenous people protesting against the prejudice and discrimination that was a daily part of their lives, and marked the beginning of the modern Aboriginal political movement.
Was the Yirrkala bark petition successful?
The petition was successful, and the township still stands under that name today. The 1988 bark petition, known as the Barunga Statement called for self-determination, land rights, compensation and Indigenous rights.
What happened on the 26th of January 1938?
On 26 January 1938, as Australians celebrated the sesquicentenary of European settlement, about 100 Aboriginal men, women and children gathered in a hall at 150–152 Elizabeth Street in Sydney, known as the Australian Hall.
What do aboriginals call Australia?
The Aboriginal English words ‘blackfella’ and ‘whitefella’ are used by Indigenous Australian people all over the country — some communities also use ‘yellafella’ and ‘coloured’.
Why is Australia called upside down?
The other side of the coin is tails, tails are on the down side and tails is upside down to heads. Australia is like tails on a coin with heads up, OK. Australia is located on the downside, making us upside down to the people on the top side of a place coined ‘Earth’.
Why is Australia called Oz?
When Aus or Aussie, the short form for an Australian, is pronounced for fun with a hissing sound at the end, it sounds as though the word being pronounced has the spelling Oz. … Hence Australia in informal language is referred to as Oz.
Who was the youngest convict sent to Australia?
John Hudson, described as ‘sometimes a chimney sweeper’, was the youngest known convict to sail with the First Fleet. Voyaging on board the Friendship to NSW, the boy thief was 13 years old on arrival at Sydney Cove. He was only nine when first sentenced.
When did the last shipment of convicts reach Australia?
The Hougoumont, the last ship to take convicts from the UK to Australia, docked in Fremantle, Western Australia, on January 9, 1868 – 150 years ago. It brought an end to a process which deposited about 168,000 convicted prisoners in Australia after it began in 1788.
Why did the British bring convicts to Australia?
Between 1788 and 1868 more than 162,000 convicts were transported to Australia. … The convicts were transported as punishment for crimes committed in Britain and Ireland. In Australia their lives were hard as they helped build the young colony.