What happened on this day in Australian history?

What are some historical events that happened in Australia?

13 Historical Moments That Shaped Australia

  • Archaeological Discovery. …
  • Willem Janszoon. …
  • Arrival of the First Fleet. …
  • Gold Rush. …
  • Eureka Stockade. …
  • Federation of Australia. …
  • Australian Woman Suffrage. …
  • Gallipoli Landing.

What happened when Australia was discovered?

The First Fleet of British ships arrived at Botany Bay in January 1788 to establish a penal colony, the first colony on the Australian mainland. In the century that followed, the British established other colonies on the continent, and European explorers ventured into its interior.

What are two significant events that happened in Australia?

1856 – Australia becomes the first country to introduce the secret ballot – or ‘Australian ballot’ – for elections. 1877 – Australia and England play the first-ever cricket Test match in Melbourne. 1901 – The country is unified. The Commonwealth of Australia comes into being on 1st January.

What happened in the Gold Rush in Australia?

On February 12, 1851, a prospector discovered flecks of gold in a waterhole near Bathurst, New South Wales (NSW), Australia. Soon, even more gold was discovered in what would become the neighboring state of Victoria. This began the Australian Gold Rush, which had a profound impact on the country’s national identity.

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What were the 19 crimes that sent prisoners to Australia?

The crimes that make up 19 Crimes include:

  • Grand Larceny, theft above the value of one shilling.
  • Petty Larceny, theft under one shilling.
  • Buying or receiving stolen goods, jewels, and plate…
  • Stealing lead, iron, or copper, or buying or receiving.
  • Impersonating an Egyptian.
  • Stealing from furnished lodgings.

Who named Australia?

It was the English explorer Matthew Flinders who made the suggestion of the name we use today. He was the first to circumnavigate the continent in 1803, and used the name ‘Australia’ to describe the continent on a hand drawn map in 1804. The National Library holds a reproduction.

Was Australia settled or invaded?

In respect to the Aboriginal community, [“invasion”] is something that is very important and needs to be used. Australia was not settled by the common law but by the rules and disciplines of war.

What was happening in Australia in 1940s?

In the early 1940s, Australia found itself in danger of a Japanese invasion. Significant towns along the northern coast of Australia, particularly Darwin, were bombed, resulting in more than 200 deaths.

What was happening in 1904 Australia?

29 February – Women’s suffrage is granted in Tasmania. 1 June – A general election is held in Victoria. Incumbent premier Sir Thomas Bent is returned with an increased majority. 20 June – The P&O ship SS Australia is wrecked at the entrance to Port Phillip.

What big event happened in Australia?

20th century

Year Date Event
1910 Andrew Fisher forms the first federal majority Labor government.
29 April Andrew Fisher become Prime Minister.
1911 The Royal Australian Navy is founded
The Northern Territory comes under Commonwealth control, being split off from South Australia
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What were the seventies known for?

The 1970s are famous for bell-bottoms and the rise of disco, but it was also an era of economic struggle, cultural change and technological innovation.

What happen in 1973?

January 15 – Vietnam War: Citing progress in peace negotiations, President Richard Nixon announces the suspension of offensive action in North Vietnam. January 20 – President Nixon and Vice President Agnew are sworn in for their second term. Roe v. Wade: The U.S. Supreme Court overturns state bans on abortion.

What happened in the year 1979 in Australia?

11 July – The American space station Skylab crashes in Esperance, Western Australia. 19 July – The Miss Universe final is celebrated in Perth. 24 July – 14 coal miners die in a lethal gas explosion at Appin Colliery, New South Wales.