Twenty military aircraft were destroyed, eight ships at anchor in the harbour were sunk, and most civil and military facilities in Darwin were destroyed. The Australian government, concerned at the effect of the bombing on national morale, played down the event and claimed that only 17 people had been killed.
How was the bombing of Darwin significant to Australia?
On 19 February 1942 Darwin was bombed by enemy forces becoming the largest single attack ever mounted by a foreign power on Australia. The attack left hundreds of servicemen and civilians dead, and countless others injured.
What was the result of the bombing of Darwin?
The two raids killed 235 people with a further 300 to 400 wounded. Thirty aircraft were destroyed, including nine out of the ten flying in defence, nine ships in the harbour and two outside were sunk, and some of the civil and military facilities in Darwin were destroyed.
Why did the Japanese bomb Australia?
MOSELEY: On the 19th of February, 1942, war came to Australia’s shores. Japan wanted to destroy our country’s northern defenses, so it could invade Timor and in the process send Australia a warning. … It was and still is the biggest attack on Australia in its history, but it wasn’t the only one.
Why was Darwin bombing significant?
Darwin, the largest population centre in northern Australia, was considered a vital asset in Australia’s defences against an increasingly aggressive Japanese Empire in the 1930s. The Japanese air raids on Darwin on 19 February involved, collectively, over 260 enemy aircraft. …
Was Australia bombed in ww2?
The first air raid on Australia occurred on 19 February 1942 when Darwin was attacked by 242 Japanese aircraft. At least 235 people were killed in the raid. Occasional attacks on northern Australian towns and airfields continued until November 1943.
What stopped the Japanese from invading Australia?
The US naval victory at the battle of Midway, in early June 1942, removed the Japan’s capability to invade Australia by destroying its main aircraft carriers.
Was Australia prepared for the bombing of Darwin?
The Japanese had no firm plans for the invasion of Australia. The bombing of Darwin, 70 years ago tomorrow, was part of a strategic plan to deny the Allies a base for interfering with Japan’s invasion of Timor and Java. … Just before the raid, USS Peary had a ”possible encounter” with a Japanese submarine off Darwin.
Did Japan ever invade Australia?
The Japanese first attacked the Australian mainland on 19 February 1942 when they launched a devastating air raid on Darwin in the Northern Territory. Two weeks later, more aircraft attacked Broome in Western Australia killing about 70 people.
How many times was Australia bombed during ww2?
Between February 1942 and November 1943, during the Pacific War of World War II, the Australian mainland, domestic airspace, offshore islands and coastal shipping were attacked at least 111 times by aircraft from the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Force and Imperial Japanese Army Air Force.
How many Australians died in ww2?
Australia lost 34,000 service personnel during World War II. Total battle casualties were 72,814. Over 31,000 Australian became prisoners-of-war. Of these more than 22,000 were captured by the Japanese; by August 1945 over one third of them had died in the appalling conditions of the prisoner-of-war camps.
What happened to the little boy in the movie Australia?
Fast forward 11 years, and Brandon Walters is now 23-years-old, living in Broome, and a father of two sons, a toddler and a newborn. … Despite the film grossing $211 million worldwide, along with the young actor being cast in a $40 million Australian tourism campaign, Walters reportedly only earned $120,000 for his role.
Where did Australia fight ww2?
One million Australians, both men and women, served in the Second World War – 500,000 overseas. They fought in campaigns against Germany and Italy in Europe, the Mediterranean and North Africa, as well as against Japan in south-east Asia and the Pacific.