Who are some famous explorers of Australia?

Who is an Australian explorer?

Edward John Eyre (1815-1901) was an English-born Australian explorer. With his aboriginal friend called Wylie, Eyre was the first European to walk across southern Australia from east to west (along the coast). This arduous trip took 4 1/2 months.

What famous explorer discovered Australia?

While Indigenous Australians have inhabited the continent for tens of thousands of years, and traded with nearby islanders, the first documented landing on Australia by a European was in 1606. The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon landed on the western side of Cape York Peninsula and charted about 300 km of coastline.

Who explored Australia in the 1800s?

Australia in the 1800s

Matthew Flinders (1774–1814) was a British naval officer and experienced explorer who became the first European person to circumnavigate the continent, charting much of the southern coast of Australia.

Who crossed Australia first?

Forever strung together as one, bonded in death, Robert O’Hara Burke and William Wills are two of Australia’s most famous, and tragic, explorers. The first to successfully cross the continent from south to north, they died beside Cooper Creek in south-west Queensland on the return journey.

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Who is the most famous explorer?

10 Famous Explorers Whose Discoveries Changed the World

  • Marco Polo. Photo: Leemage/UIG via Getty Images.
  • Christopher Columbus. Photo: DeAgostini/Getty Images.
  • Amerigo Vespucci. Photo: Austrian National Library.
  • John Cabot. Photo by © CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images.
  • Ferdinand Magellan. …
  • Hernan Cortes. …
  • Francis Drake. …
  • Walter Raleigh.

Who are explorers?

Explorers are people who have blazed the trail in going to new places. The Age of Exploration took place between the 15th and 17th centuries. During this time many countries in Europe sent out explorers to discover new lands, find trade routes, seek treasure, and gain territory for their country.

Who named Australia?

It was the English explorer Matthew Flinders who made the suggestion of the name we use today. He was the first to circumnavigate the continent in 1803, and used the name ‘Australia’ to describe the continent on a hand drawn map in 1804. The National Library holds a reproduction.

What did James Cook explore?

After his return to England, Cook was chosen to circumnavigate and explore Antarctica. On this voyage, he charted present-day Tonga, Easter Island, New Caledonia, the South Sandwich Islands and South Georgia, and disproved the existence of Terra Australis, a fabled southern continent.

Who explored Australia and NZ?

Abel Tasman was a great explorer who discovered Australia and New Zealand long before James Cook. Discover what he did in his Australasian Adventures.

How old is Australia?

The land is 4.5 billion years old. The nation Australia was formed in 1901 by amalgamating a group of British Colonies on the land at that time. Captain cook discovered Australia on Jan 26th, 1788. However, the nation’s first peoples were hear for thousands of years before the first fleet and European colonialists.

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Is Australia fully explored?

CANBERRA (Reuters) – More than 40 percent of Australia, an area the size of India, remains untouched by humans, making the country as critical to the world’s environment as the Amazon rainforests, a study said on Wednesday.

Who was the first white man to set foot on Australia?

The first European record of setting foot in Australia was Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon in 1606 — his was the first of 29 Dutch voyages to Australia in the 17th century.

Where are Burke and Wills buried?

On 15 September 1861 a Victorian relief party led by Alfred Howitt and Edwin Welch found King living with the Yandruwandha. The bodies of Wills and Burke were also found and buried. Their remains were later recovered and re-buried in Melbourne.

Where did Burke Wills travel?

It consisted of 19 men led by Robert O’Hara Burke and William John Wills, with the objective of crossing Australia from Melbourne in the south, to the Gulf of Carpentaria in the north, a distance of around 3,250 kilometres (approximately 2,000 miles).